Newly-promoted Livorno have appointed Vittorio Russo as their new coach with Gennaro Ruotolo officially acting as assistant.
Ruotolo had been earmarked as the first team coach but he does not have the necessary coaching badges to lead a club in Serie A.
The Amaranto have instead appointed 70-year-old 'surrogate' Vittorio Russo for their first season back in the Italian top-flight.
In Italy all tacticians must pass a coaching course at the Coverciano Technical Centre before they are allowed to coach.
Ruotolo, who was handed the hot seat after acting as assistant manager to Leonardo Acori in Serie B last season, hasn't yet sat the required examinations and last week the Italian Football Federation (FIGC) rejected his appeal to be given a temporary pass.
It is highly likely that Ruotolo will be making the decisions, but cannot be seen to lead the squad in Serie A.
"Russo is a coach of great experience and he will be the man picking the team with Ruotolo as his assistant," assured director of sport Nelso Ricci.
Russo has worked with the Under-21 side under both Rossano Giampaglia and Marco Tardelli, led the Triestina youth squad and last season was assistant to Walter Mazzarri at Sampdoria.
"I am very happy with the chance that has been given to me," said the new coach. "I will put in the utmost effort, as we'll do everything to ensure safety.
"I'm sure I can count on the collaboration of my technical staff. I know the people of Livorno from Giampaglia's stories, it is a very open and warm city."